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We are lowering our guard to Data Breach?

We are lowering our guard to Data Breach?

The impression, judging by how we react as users and consumers and how the companies involved are starting to react, is that we are getting too used to Data Breach, treating them as “small route accidents” or “risks of the trade”.

Often a press release and a few words of apology seem to be enough to calm the spirits, perhaps a credit monitoring service is offered to those concerned, just to reassure them.

But the true gravity of the threat is lost in that perception of security and a healthy recovery that these measures make shine through.

Many significant risks are compounded after a Data Breach, the stolen personal data allows, in fact, to make more targeted and effective ransomware campaigns, Phishing or “Men in the Middle” attacks.

Thanks to the ubiquity of Smartphones and Tablets and our ever-increasing “fingerprint” on the Internet, Ransomware exploits are propagating in many ways – as well as through classic email – from SMS to messages on WhatsApp and other social engineering methods.

The success of these attacks relies on the appearance of legitimacy, which is why they often offer links, attachments and messages from sources, sites and family members.

Each of these details can be systematically collected and orchestrated from the spectrum of personal data lost in previous breaches. In addition, the greater the correlation of the data, the greater the effectiveness, especially in “man-in-the-middle” attacks.

Data lost during Data Breach today may not even manifest its dangerousness in immediate action. Criminal hackers regularly trade, sell, and sell information on the Dark Web. These underground forums have an echo effect that can persist for years, making this year’s hacking, in 2020, relevant in 2022, 2025 and beyond; as in the case of Foodora, violated – it is thought – in 2016.

Thus, all the problems that may emerge also reverberate in future projection.

The ramifications – When our data gets involved in a Data Breach, the consequences are more significant than most people realize.

Any lost information has an incalculable value, exposing us to risks and having a substantial impact on organizations and individuals.

Beyond financial data, critical valuable information may include:

– Date of birth
– Addresses
– Sex
– Phone numbers
– Driver’s license numbers
– E-mail addresses
– Account recovery information

In the hands of a determined attacker or looking for an easy target, this data can be leveraged to target any target, from the individual user to large organizations.

On a scale of millions of people, this information is priceless, because personal data can serve as a privileged “gateway” for Criminal Hackers who aim to infiltrate and hold a corporate network hostage, for example.

Rebuild “Immunity” – Following any Data Breach event, circumstances require increased vigilance to rebuild corporate cyber immunity against further attacks and repercussions.

Organizations should always have and keep data breach response plans up-to-date, but in any case, this should only be the last resort. The focus must always be on prevention.

Of course, in the face of such a complex scenario, the question we are asking is: how to defend against these threats?

The first step is necessarily to understand the level of potential risk our systems might be exposed to.

Risk analysis is the cornerstone of every successful cyber security framework, but it’s not always easy to do it properly and comprehensively if you don’t have the right tools.

To get the most comprehensive and comprehensive overview of all vulnerability possibilities, therefore, the following tools are indispensable:

– penetration test: This examines weaknesses related to an enterprise IT infrastructure and, after discovering them, tries to exploit them in a safe and controlled manner. A penetration test goes as far as possible into the company’s IT infrastructure to get to a company’s electronic assets. The goal is not to hit the target the first attempt, but it is to hit even harder in the following attempts so as to explore all possible scenarios to which companies may be subject;

– Vulnerability Assessment: This is a security analysis that aims to identify all potential vulnerabilities of systems and applications. What? Spotting and assessing the potential damage that the eventual “attacker” can inflict on the production unit through highly automated tools at first, and then availing himself of the skills of a highly qualified staff who, later, integrates and verifies the results through meticulous manual activity. These activities are intended to refine the research by highlighting any errors made during the process;

– Network Scan: This is a specific and detailed scan that analyzes the IP of a network in order to identify its vulnerabilities and weaknesses. This tool can be used by anyone, whether it is a multinational company with hundreds and hundreds of computers or a small company with a network of only a few devices.

– Cyber Threat Intelligence: Cyber Threat Intelligence activity is carried out through a process of searching, locating and selecting publicly available information with OSINT/CLOSINT at the level of: Target; Digital Assets; IP; Emails and information about a company’s employees

The purpose? The goal is to provide “actionable intelligence”, that is, information analyzed, contextualized, timely, accurate, relevant and predictive in order to determine possible exposure to cyber security risks.

In conjunction with the risk analysis, a comprehensive intervention must be carried out on the other most critical part of a system: the human factor.

Here the action must be twofold, we must work on the general awareness of employees against the most common threats and at the same time we must integrate their knowledge through training activities aimed at further development.

One of the best methodologies to summarize these two activities is to use a service of:

– Phishing Simulation Attack: This type of attack has now evolved to very high levels of sophistication, which will only increase in the near future. Phishing Simulation Attack solutions allow companies and administrations to counter this phenomenon through a human factor test and also ensuring effective training and awareness activities. The service adopts the same model as a standard attack (in fact simulating it) allowing you to measure the level of exposure to corporate phishing risk and at the same time performs effective employee training and awareness activities. It is reductive to point this out, but even the most effective cyber defense measures can prove useless if people in the company continue to fall victim to these deceptions.

As an industry, we cannot take data leaks lightly or let go of the long-term effect they have. Every Ransomware attack should be considered as a possible Data Breach and any data breach should be considered as a present and future security threat.

There will never be a cure for cybercrime, but solid Cyber Security Framework can greatly reduce the risk.


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